The Different Comparison Essay Structure you can Use

Following a comparison essay structure can help you come up with an all-inclusive comparison and contrast essay. This essay requires you to emphasize and explain all similarities and differences of two or more subjects in the topic. There are two different structures that you can use for this essay: the block arrangement and the point by point or alternating arrangement.

Block Arrangement:

Here is an example of a comparison essay structure that is in block arrangement:

  1. Introduction: state the purpose of the essay and discuss the main points of differentiation between riding public transportation and using a private vehicle to get to work
  2. Public Transportation
    • Cost
    • Time
    • Convenience
  3. Private Vehicle
    • Cost
    • Time
    • Convenience
  4. Conclusion

In this comparison essay structure, you discuss the different points of comparison and contrast separately per subject. You discuss first the mountain and its similarities and differences to the beach. Likewise, you discuss the beach next and its similarities and differences to the mountain.

The block arrangement structure is composed of 4 different paragraphs: introduction, 1st body paragraph for the first subject, 2nd body paragraph for the second subject, and conclusion.

  • Introduction
    • Background information: name the subjects of your essay and then provide your readers with some information about each of the subject.
    • Thesis: state your purpose if you are persuading people, inform your readers if you are merely to inform them with this essay, or state your hypothesis if you are investigating something. On this part, you are to state your thesis only. Save giving your opinion about the topic for the conclusion part.
    • Preview: a quick enumeration of your standards of comparison.
  • Main Body
    • First Subject: the first subject in the topic you want to talk about (ex. Public Transportation)
      • First standard of comparison (ex. Cost)
        • Topic sentence
        • General explanation about the topic
        • Specific examples or illustrations about the topic
        • Concluding sentence
        • Transitional sentence
      • Second standard of comparison (ex. Time)
        • Topic sentence
        • General explanation about the topic
        • Specific examples or illustrations about the topic
        • Concluding sentence
        • Transitional sentence
    • Second subject : the second subject in the topic that you want to discuss (ex. Private Vehicle)
      • Topic sentence
      • General explanation about the topic
      • Specific examples or illustrations about the topic
      • Concluding sentence
      • Transitional sentence
  • Conclusion
    • Restate the main points of comparison
    • Restate your thesis
    • Give your opinion about the better choice and explain why/li>

Point by Point Arrangement

Here is an example of a comparison essay structure in point by point arrangement:

  1. Introduction: state the purpose of the essay and discuss the main points of differentiation between riding public transportation and having a private vehicle to work
  2. First difference: cost of using such mode of transportation
    • Public Transportation
    • Private Vehicle
  3. Second difference: time consumed to get to your destination using such mode of transportation
    • Public Transportation
    • Private Vehicle
  4. Third difference: how convenient using such mode of transportation is
    • Public Transportation
    • Private Vehicle
  5. Conclusion

In this comparison essay structure arrangement, the main points of comparison are discussed point by point with the paragraphs containing how both subjects differed in the same point. For example, your main point of comparison is climate. In this paragraph you will discuss the climate on the beach and on the mountain then compare both.

This comparison essay structure arrangement can have 5 or more paragraphs depending on how many points of comparison you want to include.

  • Introduction
    • Background information: name the subjects of your essay and then provide your readers with some information about each of the subject.
    • Thesis: state your purpose if you are persuading people, inform your readers if you are merely to inform them with this essay, or state your hypothesis if you are investigating something. On this part, you are to state your thesis only. Save giving your opinion about the topic for the conclusion part.
    • Preview: a quick enumeration of your standard of comparison.
  • Main Body
    • First standard of comparison (ex. Cost)
      • First subject: the first subject in the topic you want to talk about (ex. Public Transportation)
        • Topic sentence
        • General explanation about the topic
        • Specific examples or illustrations about the topic
        • Concluding sentence
        • Transitional sentence
      • Second subject (ex. Private Vehicle)
        • Topic sentence
        • General explanation about the topic
        • Specific examples or illustrations about the topic
        • Concluding sentence
        • Transitional sentence
    • Second standard of comparison (ex. Time)
  • First subject: the first subject in the topic you want to talk about (ex. Public Transportation)
    • Topic sentence
    • General explanation about the topic
    • Specific examples or illustrations about the topic
    • Concluding sentence
    • Transitional sentence
  • Second subject (ex. Private Vehicle)
    • Topic sentence
    • General explanation about the topic
    • Specific examples or illustrations about the topic
    • Concluding sentence
    • Transitional sentence
  • Conclusion
    • Restate the main points of comparison
    • Restate your thesis
    • Give your opinion about the better choice and explain why

    Creating a comparison and contrast essay should not be that hard. With these two comparison essay structure you can create a comprehensive and organized essay that can help people decide about a certain issue.

    About Lee

    Lee Bailey is a Senior Lecturer at the Economics faculty at University of Toronto. His research interests include microeconomics studies and scarcity of resources, development of international trade and globalization. Been a great lecturer and researcher, he provides Personal Statement Help for students of economics. You can reach him here for more details and quick answers.